Nerve pain can result from nerve injuries due to overuse, compression or trauma. Some common conditions of nerve pain include:
- Meralgia paresthetica
Meralgia paresthetica is outer thigh pain caused by compression of one of the large sensory nerves in the leg (lateral femoral cutaneous nerve). Possible causes of meralgia paresthetica include weight gain, recent hip injury, tight clothing and repetitive motion.
- Occipital neuralgia
The two occipital nerves are located on either side of the head, between the bones of the spine in the upper neck and up into the scalp. When these nerves become irritated or injured, it can lead to chronic headaches and a shooting or zapping pain on one side of the head. Causes of occipital neuralgia include a pinched nerve root as a result of an injury, surgery, or arthritis. Occipital neuralgia can also occur spontaneously.
- Inguinal Neuralgia
Inguinal neuralgia is chronic pain that occurs in the pelvis/groin area. The cause is often scar tissue or damage following open inguinal hernia surgery, gynecological procedure, or any procedure in the region of the lower abdomen. Initial treatment for managing inguinal neuralgia may include peripheral nerve blocks, spinal nerve blocks, or trigger point injections. If pain continues after six months, surgery to decompress or remove the affected nerves or neuroma may be considered.
Neuromas are growths of injured nerve tissue. They often occur after amputation, nerve trauma or surgery, and can grow in any area of the body.
Neuromas are typically slow growing, painful, and benign (non-cancerous). Examples of trauma that leads to painful neuromas:
- Inguinal neuralgia after hernia repair (groin pain)
- Elbow pain after ulnar nerve transposition
- Intercostal neuralgia after thoracic surgery (rib pain)
- Foot pain after nerve biopsy
- Pain at an incision site following surgery (caused by a sensory nerve that was injured by the incision)