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The two main forms of IBD, Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), share similar symptoms, but are two different conditions. Research has not determined the causes of the IBD, but has identified that genes, the immune system and the environment all play a role in the inflammation in IBD.
CD can affect any part of the digestive tract and most frequently impacts the end of the small intestine and the beginning of the large intestine. The intestine can become inflamed in patches, and the inflammation and ulcers can occur in deep layers of the intestine.
In UC, on the other hand, the surface layer of tissue in the large intestine is affected. The inflammation in UC tends to be uniform, such that the entire lining in the affected portion of intestine is inflamed.
If we suspect you have IBD, you will most likely undergo more extensive tests, such as the following:
If IBD is diagnosed, we will work closely with you to find a treatment plan that achieves remission of your symptoms. Read more about treatment for IBD.
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