This is a series of hypothetical consultations with surgeons at UC San Diego Health System regarding surgical treatment for a variety of conditions. In these hypothetical conversations between patients and doctors, we present example cases that are a composite of common signs and symptoms we see in patients who have these conditions. We present standard exams and treatments we recommend in a typical case. How a person is affected by a particular condition can depend on a person's age, gender or race. The following hypothetical conversations are not medical advice. We urge you to speak with your doctor about all of your health concerns.